From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs. Social progress can be measured by the social position of the female sex. The theory of Communism may be summed up in one sentence Abolish all private property. For the bureaucrat, the world is a mere object to be manipulated by him. History does nothing; it does not possess immense riches, it does not fight battles. It is men, real, living, who do all this. The meaning of peace is the absence of opposition to socialism. If anything is certain, it is that I myself am not a Marxist. Necessity is blind until it becomes conscious. Freedom is the consciousness of necessity. The only antidote to mental suffering is physical pain. Capitalist production, therefore, develops technology, and the combining together of various processes into a social whole, only by sapping the original sources of all wealth – the soil and the labourer. In bourgeois society capital is independent and has individuality, while the living person is dependent and has no individuality. History repeats itself, first as tragedy, second as farce. The production of too many useful things results in too many useless people. The rich will do anything for the poor but get off their backs. Experience praises the most happy the one who made the most people happy. The first requisite for the happiness of the people is the abolition of religion. Without doubt, machinery has greatly increased the number of well-to-do idlers. It is absolutely impossible to transcend the laws of nature. What can change in historically different circumstances is only the form in which these laws expose themselves. Capital is reckless of the health or length of life of the laborer, unless under compulsion from society. Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless conditions. It is the opium of the people. Society does not consist of individuals but expresses the sum of interrelations, the relations within which these individuals stand. We should not say that one man’s hour is worth another man’s hour, but rather that one man during an hour is worth just as much as another man during an hour. Time is everything, man is nothing he is at the most time’s carcass. Anyone who knows anything of history knows that great social changes are impossible without feminine upheaval. Social progress can be measured exactly by the social position of the fair sex, the ugly ones included. The history of all previous societies has been the history of class struggles. Reason has always existed, but not always in a reasonable form. Landlords, like all other men, love to reap where they never sowed. Nothing can have value without being an object of utility. Revolutions are the locomotives of history. The writer must earn money in order to be able to live and to write, but he must by no means live and write for the purpose of making money. A specter is haunting Europe – the specter of communism. Machines were, it may be said, the weapon employed by the capitalists to quell the revolt of specialized labor. The ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas, i.e., the class which is the ruling material force of society, is at the same time its ruling intellectual force. The product of mental labor – science – always stands far below its value, because the labor-time necessary to reproduce it has no relation at all to the labor-time required for its original production. Democracy is the road to socialism. Medicine heals doubts as well as diseases. The development of civilization and industry in general has always shown itself so active in the destruction of forests that everything that has been done for their conservation and production is completely insignificant in comparison. The writer may very well serve a movement of history as its mouthpiece, but he cannot of course create it. While the miser is merely a capitalist gone mad, the capitalist is a rational miser. Men’s ideas are the most direct emanations of their material state. The more the division of labor and the application of machinery extend, the more does competition extend among the workers, the more do their wages shrink together. Capital is dead labor, which, vampire-like, lives only by sucking living labor, and lives the more, the more labor it sucks. Workers of the world unite; you have nothing to lose but your chains. Religion is the opium of the masses. Religion is the impotence of the human mind to deal with occurrences it cannot understand. Let the ruling classes tremble at a communist revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. Workingmen of all countries, unite!
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